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Key terms

This list contains the definitions of some of the key terms and expressions commonly used by the Research Council.

Actual costs: Costs that are paid for by the project and costs that are incurred by but do not elicit a payment from the project, including costs for premises, research infrastructure and personnel resources.

Actual income: Resources for the implementation of the project, including financial resources and the value of offices/laboratories, research infrastructure and personnel.

Agreement document: The document that is signed by the parties and that contains the agreed-upon specifications and stipulations for the project.

Allocation: Binding promise of funding from the Research Council.

Background: The knowledge, including intellectual property rights, that the Project Owner and partners bring into the project.

Collaboration agreement: Agreement regulating among other things the approach, rights and obligations between the Project Owner and the partners that have assumed obligations to participate in the project.

Collaborative project: Project in which the Project Owner cooperates with one or more partners.

Commercial utilisation: Direct or indirect use of project results in the development and marketing of products/services or processes based on the project results, or the transfer and/or licensing of use of project results to third parties, with the exception of publication through publishing houses.

Contract: The R&D Project Agreement Document, the project description and the General Terms and Conditions for R&D Projects issued by the Research Council, as well as any specified supplementary documents collectively comprise the contract.

Cost plan: A list of the actual costs expected to accrue during the project period.

Force majeure: Unforeseeable or exceptional circum-stances beyond a party’s control.

Funding plan: A list of the expected actual income for the project.

General Terms and Conditions for R&D Projects: The document that lays down the valid terms and conditions issued by the Research Council for R&D projects.

Grant application: Request submitted by the Project Owner for funding for a project.

Intellectual property rights: All rights to technical solutions, methods, processes and procedures, regardless of whether or not these are or may be patented, as well as all copyrights and other rights to trademarks, design, plant species, databases, integrated circuit layout designs, drawings, specifications, prototypes, company-internal secrets and the like.

Milestone: Date on which the project's primary/secondary objectives, specific activities or events are to be reached or take place, according to the progress plan.

Partner: Institutions, companies and other activities (as well as any designated individuals) that the Research Council, in its contract with the Project Owner, has stipulated are under obligation to provide professional or financial resources for the implementation of the project.

Parties to the contract: The Research Council and the Project Owner.

Party/Parties: The Project Owner and the Research Council, individually or together.

Pledge: A conditional promise of funding from the Research Council.

Primary and secondary objectives: Description of the results expected to be achieved during the project period.

Progress plan: Timeline for performance of the main project activities/milestones.

Project: The overall activities encompassed by the grant application/the overall activities covered by the contract once it has been signed.

Project accounts: Accounts kept by the Project Owner to record the project’s actual income and expenses.

Project administrator: The individual who is authorised to represent and assume obligations on behalf of the Project Owner in respect of the Research Council.

Project description: Scientific and administrative plan for the performance of the project.

Project manager: The individual who is in charge of the progress and performance of the project on behalf of the Project Owner.

Project Owner: The institution, company or activity, that is responsible vis-à-vis the Research Council for ensuring that the project is carried out in accordance with the contract. In special cases, the Project Owner may be an individual.

Project period: The time span during which the project is to be performed, as specified in the agreement document.

Project results: All results produced or achieved in connection with the project, including intellectual property rights, regardless of whether or not the results are protected by law.

Project summary: Short description of the project that is made available to the public.

R&D: Research and development.

Research infrastructure: Scientific equipment, laboratories, pilot facilities, eInfrastructure, scientific databases (incl. time series) scientific collections, etc.

Research performance site: The site/unit at which the project is conducted under the auspices of the Project Owner.