Almost half of all research projects in Svalbard originates in the Ny-Ålesund research community, which features 14 permanent research stations run by institutions from 10 different countries.
Ny-Ålesund, which is owned and managed by Kings Bay AS, is the most international research community in Svalbard. Research institutions from China, France, Germany, India, Italy, Japan, the Netherlands, Norway, South Korea and the United Kingdom run their own stations within the settlement. In addition, researchers for other nations carry out research activities in the Ny-Ålesund area each year.
Three of the stations are permanently manned: The Sverdrup Station (the Norwegian Polar Institute), the AWIPEV station (jointly operated by the German Alfred Wegner Institute and the French Institut Paul Émile Victor), and the Space Geodetic Observatory (the Norwegian Mapping Authority).
Kings Bay AS increasingly offers common infrastructure that are shared by researchers from all nations. Additions to infrastructure like the Kings Bay Arctic Marine Laboratory, the Gruvebadet Laboratory, the Permafrost Borehole, the Light-Sensitive Cabin and the research vessel "Teisten" illustrate this trend.
Climate and environmental studies make up the largest share of Ny-Ålesund research. Four main research themes, or Ny-Ålesund Flagships, have been identified and agreed upon: Atmosphere Research, Terrestrial Ecosystem, Kongsfjorden System and Glaciology Research.
The Ny-Ålesund Science Managers Committee (NySMAC) aims to strengthen collaboration and coordination among research stations in Ny-Ålesund.
NySMAC has endorsed the Ny-Ålesund Science Plan, which outlines some research priorities for the period 2015-2020.
As of January 2016, Kings Bay AS had 25 employees. A record total of 14,437 research days were logged in Ny-Ålesund in 2015.