Annually, more than 500 individuals kill themselves in Norway. Half of all suicides occur among individuals with no current mental health treatment. Poor knowledge of risk factors for such suicides seriously impedes effective prevention. Thus, the primary objective for this project is to gain new knowledge about suicides outside mental health. This is important both for professionals and the general public, and may lead to better targeted suicide prevention and postvention strategies. The study will: 1)an alyse suicide with particular attention to self-esteem and the individual`s social role in the family and extended social system, in an age and gender perspective, 2)explore how the bereaved`s percepions of communicated suicidal intent vary with the close ness of the relationship to the deceased, 3) investigate the role of intoxicants in the suicidal act, and 4)explore the need for answers to the Why-questions of the bereaved. The project is based on data from the ongoing study "Why suicide? A psycologocal autopsy-study," at the Norwegian Institute of Public Health. Data collection will be finished by summer 2009, and consist of in-depth interviews with at least 5 of those closest to each of 20 suicides. Based on a phenomenological/hermeneutic tradition, t he knowledge these individuals provide will be the foundation for the analyses. Information from suicide notes will also be included, when provided. The NVivo 7 software will be used to analyse the data. The project design and number of informants is uniq ue internationally and therefore is likely to shed new light on suicides of this type. Answers to how self-esteem, substance use, gender, age, and family relations are related to the suicidal act may be of significance for targeted programs of suicide pre vention as well as postvention programs. Findings will be disseminated to the general public, bereaved and professionals through the media, conferences, user organisations and scientific journals.