This project seeks to explore the relationship between complex legal pluralities and gendered forms of poverty.By shaping opportunities for personal autonomy, political participation and access to economic resources (such as education, health, land, wat er or employment), complex legal pluralities play a critical role in gendered livelihood prospects and in shaping prospects for escaping poverty. However, despite general agreement on the importance of legal pluralities in determining the livelihood optio ns of women, there is surprising little consolidated research examining how complex legal pluralities affect the context of female poverty. This project will combine a desk-based study with multi-disciplinary comparative qualitative research in a numbe r of countries in Latin America and Sub-Saharan Africa where gendered marginalisation and legal pluralism is in evidence. Through a range of specific, grounded studies, it aims to explore how contemporary legal pluralism - characterized by the dynamic int errelation between specific local and international norms - affects gender justice and the livelihood prospects of women. The lead researchers are based at the Christian Michelsen Institute (CMI), Bergen, and the Centre for Postgraduate Teaching and Res earch in Social Anthropology (CIESAS) in Mexico, both institutions which have a strong and longstanding research profile in law, poverty and legal pluralism: CMI through the 'Courts in Transition' and 'Poor and the Judiciary' Programmes and CIESAS through its work on indigenous justice and marginalization in Mexico.