Why does an end to armed intra-state conflict often not entail an end to violence and economic insecurity? This research project engages with a vital question facing policy-makers and development practitioners in post conflict situations: how to win the p eace. The core aim of the research project is to investigate how the economic agenda of former combatants and commanders interacts with implementation of Disarmament, Demobilisation and Reintegration (DDR) strategies and to what extent DDR strategies impa ir or facilitate economic recovery. The links between DDR and the emergence of dominant economic actors in post conflict periods are under-researched. Arguably, however, this aspect constitutes a crucial variable for understanding why many states fail to achieve economic and political stability after the declared end to conflict. The proposed research project will be network based and will centre on empirical assessments in four Central/South Asian countries: Afghanistan, Tajikistan, Sri Lanka and Georg ia. Researchers from the Norwegian Institute of International Affairs (NUPI) and the Centre for Peace Studies (CPS) University of Tromsø will work alongside network members from the Centre for Conflict Resolution University of Bradford, The Department of Politics and International Relations University of Oxford, The Small Arms Survey (SAS) research project at the Graduate Institute of International Studies (HEI) University of Geneva, and the Eastern University of Sri Lanka (EUSL). The establishment of t his network will give good internationalisation opportunities for the Norwegian researchers and their respective institutions. By way of workshops and guest fellowships, leading members in the field of peace and conflict studies will also be brought to No rway. This will yield particular benefits for the Master programme in Peace Studies at CPS University of Tromsø and the 48 students affiliated with the programme.