Two books from Povpeace
Two books have recently been published based on research funded through the “Poverty and peace” (POVPEACE) activity under the NORGLOBAL programme; One on fisheries, the other on oil and gas.
POVPEACE is funded by The Ministry of Foreign Affairs/the Norwegian Agency for Development Cooperation (Norad). The estimated total budget is NOK 140 million up until 2013. POVPEACE aims to strengthen research on international poverty issues and research relating to war, peace and development, not least in light of the UN’s Millenium Development Goals.
“Poverty Mosaics: Realities and Prospects
in Small-scale Fisheries”
Svein Jentoft and Arne Eide
Small-scale fisheries are a major source of food and employment around the world. Yet, many small-scale fishers work in conditions that are neither safe nor secure. Millions of them are poor, and often they are socially and politically marginalized.
Macro-economic and institutional mechanisms are essential to address these poverty and vulnerability problems; however, interventions at the local community level are also necessary. This requires deep understanding of what poverty means to the fishers, their families and communities; how they cope with it; and the challenges they face to increase resiliency and improve their lives for the better.
This book presents a global perspective of small-scale fisheries with in-depth case studies from fifteen countries in Latin America, Europe, South and Southeast Asia, and sub-Saharan Africa. These case studies demonstrate the enormously complex ecological, economic, social, cultural and political contexts of this sector.
Conclusions put forward argue that fisheries development, poverty alleviation, and resource management must be integrated within a comprehensive governance approach that also looks beyond fisheries.
The editors, Svein Jentoft and Arne Eide, are both with the Norwegian College of Fishery Science, Faculty of Biosciences, Fisheries, and Economics, University of Tromso, Norway.
The book can be downloaded free of charge if you subscribe to the Springer package. You can also buy a softcover issue for about NOK 200. The hardcover issue is also available through Amazon or from the publisher.
“Flammable Societies: Studies in the
Socio-Economics of Oil and Gas”
By John-Andrew McNeish and Owen Logan
The impact of the oil and gas industry – paradoxically seen both as a blessing and a curse on socio-economic development – is a question at the heart of the comparative studies in this volume stretching from Northern Europe to the Caucasus, the Gulf of Guinea to Latin America.
The book is based on the findings of the Povpeace/Norglobal funded project “Flammable Societies: The Role of the Oil and Gas Industry in the Promotion of Poverty Reduction and Social Volatility”.
Britain’s transformation under Margaret Thatcher into a supposedly post-industrial society orientated towards consumer sovereignty was paid for with revenues from the North Sea oil industry, an industry conveniently out of sight and out of mind for many. Drawing on bottom-up research and theoretical reflection the authors question the political and scientific basis of current international policy that aims to address the problem of resource management through standard Western models of economic governance, institution building and national sovereignty.
This book offers valuable material for students and researchers concerned with politics, inequality and poverty in resource-rich countries. Among the key critical issues the book highlights is the need to understand the politics of social territorialism as a response to exclusionary geopolitics.
John-Andrew McNeish is Associate Professor at the Norwegian University of Life Sciences and Senior Researcher at the Chr. Michelsens Institute. Owen Logan is a photographer and writer and a Research Fellow at the University of Aberdeen where he worked with the Lives in the Oil Industry oral history project.
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